My collection of vim tips to make the best editor even better. This is by no means complete or a tutorial on how to use vim, but a set of commands I don’t want to forget and need to write them down before they burn into memory.
See the resources section below for a more complete introduction and a set of in-depth tutorials.
:nn " Jump to line nn nn| " Jump to column nn
ma " mark spot label it a 'a " jump to spot '' " jump to last spot you were
Copy and Paste Registers
Vim has a clipboard history stored in registers, you can also use these registers to cut and paste items to. Your past history of copies is also stored in these registers, use list regiter to find something you thought might be gone since not in clipboard
"ad " cut something to register a "ap " paste something from register a :reg " list registers
S " delete line and insert mode at start :g/regexp/d " delete all lines that match regexp :v/regexp/d " delete all lines that do NOT regexp :15,20d " delete lines 10-20
:ls " list open buffers :b [num|name] " switch to buffer :b# " switch to last buffer :bdel # " delete buffer
qa " start recording macro in buffer a [do stuff] q " end recording
@a 50@a (50 times)
Map System Command to Key Stroke
Map ctrl-j d to run system command /tmp/x.py
:imap <C-j>d <C-r>=system('/tmp/x.py')<CR>
:map <F5> :setlocal spell! spelllang=en_us<CR>
Map F1 to Esc
I often find myself trying to hit escape and accidentally hit F1, which opens help. Since, I’ve never on purpose hit F1 for help, I map my F1 key to ESC.
map <F1> <Esc> imap <F1> <Esc>
Here are a set of short cuts I have in my vimrc file that simplify some common operations. If I notice myself doing the same thing over and over, I try to add a shortcut when possible.
" Add spaces inside parentheses, WordPress coding style map <Leader>o ci(hp " Surround word with quote map <Leader>' ysiw' map <Leader>" ysiw" " Add Trailing Semi-colon map <Leader>; g_a;<Esc> " Use :w!! to save with sudo ca w!! w !sudo tee >/dev/null "%"
One of the best things about vim is all of the available plug-ins. Here is the set of plug-ins I use that make vim even easier and better.
CtrlP.vim is a fuzzy file matching finder for vim. It works similar to the Command-T plugin, a copy of Textmate’s file search. CtrlP is easier to setup and works real nice.